Global Observatory
on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption
and Transactive Energy Models


The Global Observatory is a forum for international collaboration to understand the policy, regulatory, social and technological conditions necessary to support the wider deployment of peer-to-peer, community self-consumption and transactive energy models.


The Observatory includes 200+ participating experts on peer-to-peer energy trading/transactive energy and community/collective self-consumption models from all over the world, representing academia, industry and non-profits.

GO-P2P has featured in the International Energy Agency (IEA) initiative ‘Today in the Lab – Tomorrow in Energy?’. For more information click here and watch here.

We welcome new participants! As a participant you can join any of the Observatory sub-tasks (by directly contacting the sub-task leads, whose details are included in the ‘sub-tasks’ section below) that align with your current work and to which you would be able to provide expertise. For more information on each sub-task, see the ‘Sub-tasks descriptions’ document under the ‘Publications’ section below. By participating you will not only be able to play an active role in shaping the Observatory’s deliverables, but also join an international community of experts in the field, providing opportunities for future collaboration.

Policymakers are a key target audience of the Observatory, as we want to ensure its findings respond to their evidence needs. In case you are a policymaker and interested in the Observatory, please get in touch with Alexandra (e-mail address below).

If you have any questions on the Observatory and participation, please contact Alexandra Schneiders (

Follow the GO-P2P blog here.




On 2-3 September 2019, the Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption and Transactive Energy Models (GO-P2P) was officially launched in London, United Kingdom. The launch was attended by 110 stakeholders from a range of sectors, i.e. national and international policymakers, industry, start-ups, utilities, non-profits, academics etc. Up to 15 countries were represented, mainly from Europe but also Asia, Australia, North America and South America.

Introduction to GO-P2P
Summary Global Observatory Launch Event – Sept 2019


The second meeting of GO-P2P took place on 17-18 February 2020 in Florence, Italy, at the European University Institute (Florence School of Regulation, FSR). The event was attended by 65 stakeholders from industry, policy and academia, representing 13 countries. The event included presentations of P2P/TE/CSC case studies and panel sessions with policymakers as well as industry representatives. For more information on the event:

The third meeting took place (online) on 15-16 September 2020, and was hosted by Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HSLU)- with the support of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).


Our fourth meeting took place (online) on 12-13 July 2021. It was organised in collaboration with the International Energy Agency (IEA) initiative on Digital Demand-Driven Electricity Networks, 3DEN.

The first day of the event focused on the rollout of peer-to-peer energy systems in Latin America. The day included panel sessions featuring several peer-to-peer energy case studies in Latin America, including the Transactive Energy Colombia Initiative in Medellin (Colombia). Panellists represented organisations such as the Energy Sustainability Agency in Chile and ANEEL (Brazilian energy regulator). Despite the focus of the event being on Latin America, there was interest from the whole world, with 230+ registrations from 46 countries.

The second day of the event was an internal meeting of GO-P2P participants. It marked the launch of the next phase of work of the Global Observatory, namely its case study selection and data collection phase. In preparation for this, the GO-P2P sub-tasks have drafted literature reviews setting out the evidence gaps as regards the power systems integration, ICT/technology, market design, economic/social value and policy/regulation aspects of peer-to-peer energy models. These literature reviews can be seen in the ‘publications’ section below.

  • For access to the presentations and recordings, please click here.


The fifth meeting of GO-P2P took take place on 23-24 June 2022 as part of the IERC EnerConf workshop in Cork, Ireland. IERC leads GO-P2P’s sub-task 2 on the ICT/data layer of peer-to-peer energy models. The event provided valuable opportunities to discuss the rollout of community and peer-to-peer energy models in Ireland.

Read more about the event here: 5th GO-P2P Meeting



SUB-TASK 1: Power systems integration– led by Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Switzerland (contact: Benjamin Bowler,
1. Evaluate the benefits for the grid of P2P/CSC/TE energy markets.
2. Evaluate the key enablements and constraints arising from existing and likely future power system architectures and technologies.

SUB-TASK 2: Hardware, software & data– led by the International Energy Research Centre, Ireland (contact: Brian O’Regan,
1. Evaluating the role of the hardware, software and data ontologies on the functioning of P2P/CSC/TE energy markets.
2. Evaluate the key enablements and constraints arising from existing and likely future ICT solutions.

SUB-TASK 3: Transactions and markets– led by University of Colorado Denver, United States (contact: Lynne Kiesling,
1. Assess the architecture of the transaction layer for recording balancing and settlement of imports and exports.
2. Evaluate the impacts of the design of P2P/CSC/TE energy markets on performance of the system.

SUB-TASK 4: Economic and social value– led by University of New South Wales, Australia (contact: Declan Kuch,
1. Evaluate the construction of consumer value propositions based on economic and social value.
2. Evaluate how the ‘choice architecture’ of P2P/CSC/TE models impacts on participant engagement and outcomes.

SUB-TASK 5: Policy and regulation– led by European University Institute/Florence School of Regulation, Italy (contacts: Nicolò Rossetto, and Lucila de Almeida (
1. Identify the impact of policy and regulation on the uptake of peertopeer and associated models.
2. Identify the key characteristics of the regulatory environment that support or inhibit their implementation.

University College London (United Kingdom), represented by the Task Leader Alexandra Schneiders ( is in charge of overall management of the Observatory as well as the analysis of findings.


CountryRoleNameContact details
United KingdomTask LeaderAlexandra SchneidersUniversity College London
Central House, 14 Upper Woburn Place
London WC1H 0NN
AustraliaNational ExpertDeclan KuchSchool of Humanities and Languages
University of New South Wales
BelgiumNational ExpertGeert DeconinckKU Leuven - ESAT/Electa
Kasteelpark Arenberg 10 Bus 2445
3001 Leuven
ItalyNational Expert
NetherlandsNational ExpertW.G.J.H.M. Van SarkUtrecht University Princetonlaan 8A
3584 CB Utrecht
SwitzerlandNational ExpertMarine PasquierSwiss Federal Office of Energy
Mühlestrasse 4 CH3063 Ittigen
SwitzerlandNational ExpertMarkus BareitSwiss Federal Office of Energy
Mühlestrasse 4 CH3063 Ittigen
United KingdomNational ExpertKevin BaillieOfgem
10 South Colonnade
Canary Warf
London E14 4 PU
United StatesNational ExpertDavid ChassinStanford University
2575 Sand Hill Rd M/S 12 Menlo Park
CA 94025



Australia, Belgium, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Switzerland, UK, USA

Task duration: 3 September 2019 – 3 March 2023



GO-P2P Literature Reviews:

NEW: Paper by UCL (managing entity) on defining peer-to-peer energy trading, transactive energy and community/collective self-consumption models. Pre-print available here. September 2022

Events & Meetings


6th GO-P2P Meeting: “Achieving Equitable Decarbonization in California: What We Can Learn From International Stakeholders”

Date: 9-10 February 2023
Location: Santa Monica, California, USA


GO-P2P/INATBA Task Force


Task Force website: click here

Press release:

INATBA Launches Task Force with Global Observatory on Energy Trading

October 22, 2020

Initiative will tackle standardisation gaps around energy trading using distributed ledger technologies

BRUSSELS, October 22, 2020 — The International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA) and the Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption and Transactive Energy Models (GO-P2P), an Annex of the User-Centred Energy Systems Technology Collaboration Programme by the International Energy Agency, are launching a joint Task Force focusing on the use of distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) in energy trading business models.

Peer-2-Peer (P2P) energy trading models have the potential to transform the energy grid. P2P energy trading can enable anyone to produce and sell energy to their peers, thus disrupting the traditionally centralised and heavily regulated energy sector. Facilitated by technologies such as blockchain, they are challenging policymakers across the world to regulate these models in a fair and technology-neutral manner through initiatives like regulatory sandboxes and updated standards.

This Task Force will study and compare international pilots of DLT-enabled P2P energy trading, as well as provide a forum for discussion and development of new standardisation recommendations. It will also represent an international platform for collaboration and information exchange between stakeholders from any sector (i.e. industry, academia, non-profits) working on these new energy trading models.

“Our goal at INATBA is to convene critical conversations that drive real progress and adoption of distributed ledger technologies, including through task forces like this one,” said Marc Taverner, Executive Director of INATBA. “We are looking forward to our work with GO-P2P and we are excited to see new standards recommended by this group improve blockchain adoption across this global sector.”

“The Energy Sector was identified early on as one of the most sensible use cases for distributed ledger technologies. Now that a variety of pilot projects are in operation around the globe, it is crucial for all involved stakeholders to receive reliable data and peer review on the feasibility of P2P trading in real-world markets and the resulting implications for regulation, infrastructure investments and business models,” said Ireme Adamski and Bara Greplova, co-chairs of the INATBA Energy Working Group. “We are delighted to have gained such a strong partner as the GO-P2P for driving these efforts forward and are looking forward to offering high-quality comparative case-studies to regulators, our respective members and the wider ecosystem.”

“As DLTs gain in popularity in the energy sector, international collaboration initiatives such as this Task Force are crucial to bridge existing knowledge gaps in the field and provide evidence to regulators. We are excited to be partnering up with INATBA, a leading organisation in the DLT space, to tackle these questions,” said Alexandra Schneiders, operating agent for GO-P2P.

All members of INATBA and GO-P2P are welcome to join the Task Force by emailing​ or ​​. This project is made possible thanks to UCL EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account support.


INATBA is the leading convener in the global blockchain ecosystem, offering developers, companies, and users of blockchain/distributed ledger technology a forum to interact with regulators and policymakers and bring blockchain technology to its next stage. INATBA currently has 167+ active nonprofit and enterprise members and is advised by more than 40 academic institutions and 23 governmental organisations and agencies from 15 countries across Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia. INATBA often issues research and commentary on blockchain regulation and policy from its 14 workgroups spanning finance, governance, education, healthcare, identity, climate action, and more. The mission of INATBA is to develop transparent and inclusive governance and cooperation models for blockchain applications, to inform policy and regulatory measures that may contribute to harnessing the many opportunities of blockchain through a close dialogue with policy-makers and regulators, and promote regulatory convergence that drives potential impacts for society and the economy from these technologies. To learn more, visit

About GO-P2P

Launched in September 2019, the Global Observatory is a three-year collaborative research project led by University College London (UCL) under the User-Centred Energy Systems Technical Collaboration Programme by the International Energy Agency (IEA). It represents a forum for international collaboration to understand the policy, regulatory, social and technological conditions necessary to support the wider deployment of peer-to-peer, community self-consumption and transactive energy models. It includes 150 participants from 10 countries, representing a range of sectors (academia, industry, non-profits) and currently working on the researching and implementation of these new business models. To learn more, visit:

INATBA Press Contact

Rachel Pipan,

GO-P2P Press Contact

Alexandra Schneiders,