Task 4 – Development of Improved Methods for Integrating Demand-Side Options in Resource Planning


Based on this review, a guidebook was developed describing alternative approaches and summarising examples of how these methodologies have been incorporated. Case studies documenting successful applications from several countries were included. Taking into consideration the factors influencing DSM in participating countries, guidelines were developed on how to transfer processes, methods, techniques and models for incorporating DSM in resource planning from one country to another. Included in this book were issues related to differences in market conditions, supply characteristics, utility structure, regulatory environments, pricing and tariff structures and government policies.

Task 4 also investigated mechanisms to promote DSM and energy efficiency in new business environments. This included a critical review of mechanisms which have been used or proposed for use, to incorporate DSM and energy efficiency into restructured electricity industries. The results were presented in three workshops.

Achieved results


Report comparing utility structures and characteristics in different countries.

  • Report on existing processes, models, methods and techniques in various electric resource planning applications.
  • Recommendations for development of improved methodologies.
  • Guidelines on transfer methods, techniques and models.
  • Guidebook approaches and methodologies for analysis and planning of demand-side programs and integration of DSM options in utility resource planning.
  • Report on existing and new mechanisms for promoting DSM and energy efficiency in new electricity business environments.



Australia, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Korea (South), Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, UK and USA.

Task duration: 1993 – 1997


United StatesOperating AgentGrayson Heffner
AustraliaContractorVerity Saunders
AustraliaNational ExpertCraig Hosking
AustriaNational Expert
DenmarkNational ExpertJens Rudbæk
FinlandExCo memberSeppo Kärkkäinen
FinlandNational ExpertEero Pere
FranceNational ExpertJean Eudes Montcomble
FranceExCo memberJean-Peirre Tabet
ItalyExCo memberWalter Grattier
ItalyNational ExpertGiancarlo Scorsoni
JapanNational ExpertHirosho Asano
Republic of KoreaNational ExpertJeoung Mook Kho
Republic of KoreaNational ExpertSok Bum Lee
NorwayNational ExpertAlf Olav Grinde
NorwayExCo memberJan Moen
SpainNational ExpertJesus Martin Giraldo
SwedenNational ExpertAnna Engleryd
United KingdomNational ExpertChris Barklay
United StatesNational ExpertDilip Limaye